Historic center

Bari

The origins of Bari are uncertain; archaeological finds suggest the existence of a Bronze Age settlement.

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Barletta

Of uncertain origins, the first certain evidence dates back to the Peutinger Map where “bardulos” was mentioned, but some Apulan tombs with finds dating back to the IV-III century B.C. prove that a settlement existed here before the Roman period. During the Longobard invasions it was a refuge for the inhabitants of Canosa.

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Bassiano

The origins of the town are uncertain; various legends link them to mythological divinities and some studies think that the town was founded by the emperor Caracalla.

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Benevento

Situated in a hollow surrounded by mountains, the city still conserves a vast historical and archaeological heritage.

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Brindisi

Traces of the first settlements date back to the bronze age (XVI century B.C.). It was however during the Messapic Age that Brundisium developed thanks to its port (already existing in the VII-VI centuries B.C.) which had trade relations with the nearby Greece.

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Canosa di Puglia

Legend says that the town was founded by the hero of the Illiad, Diomedes; what we can be certain about is the presence of local Daunian settlements dating back to the Neolithic age (6000-3000 B.C.), and the metal Age.

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Capua

Legend says that the town was founded by the hero of the Illiad, Diomedes; what we can be certain about is the presence of local Daunian settlements dating back to the Neolithic age (6000-3000 B.C.), and the metal Age.

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Castel Gandolfo

It is thought that the first town was built on the ruins of Alba Longa, a town dating back to the pre-Roman era founded according to tradition by Ascanio, the son of Enea.

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Fondi

The very ancient origins of the town, originally called Fundi, are lost in myth; legend says that the site was founded by Hercules in memory of the killing of Caco, a character from Roman mythology linked to fire.

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Formia

According to tradition, the place has a legendary past: it is said that this was the mythical town of the Laestrygones where Ulysses landed and where Aeneas stopped during this voyage to Lavinius.

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Giulianello

Giulianello has very remote origins; the first documented information dates back to 143 B.C., the year it was presumed the town was founded under the rule of the Western Roman Empire.

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Itri

Mentioned in historic sources starting from 914, Itri is thought to have obtained its name from iter (pathway, road) due to its position along the Via Appia.

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Lucera

With very uncertain origins, it was a Daun centre and later became a Roman Colony. It developed thanks to its favourable defensive position.

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Manfredonia

In 1256 the king of Sicily Manfredi of Hohenstaufen, founded the town of Manfredonia for the purpose of transferring there the population of Siponto,

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Monte SAnt'angelo

The town developed on the limestone spur of the Gargano starting from the year 1000, around the famous grotto of the Arcangelo,

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Nemi

The area where the village of Nemi is currently found used to belong in ancient times to the Latin town of Aricia. The real birth of a town identified as Nemi (from the Latin nemus, meaning a wood) can only be traced back to the IX century, corresponding to the time a castle was built for defence purposes.

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Priverno

The site, originally Privernum, was a Volscian settlement of great importance. Its origins are lost in legend and references to the town can even be found in the Aeneid; according to myth, when Priverno, son of Osca, king of the Volsci died, his son Metabus who succeeded him, decided to call the town Privernum, in honour of his dead father.

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San Giovanni Rotondo

The area on which San Giovanni Rotondo is built, founded in 1095, was inhabited since prehistoric times.

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San Marco in Lamis

The history of the town is linked to that of the two Franciscan Monks of Saint Matteo and Saint Maria di Stignano.

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San Severo

In the San Severo area traces of various settlements have been found ranging from the Palaeolithic to the Bronze Age.

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